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七年级英语知识点_小学英语知识点总结

来源:http://www.gioblog.com 作者:英语知识 人气:99 发布时间:2019-10-08
摘要:动词的构成 动词,就是说时用描摹或透露各个尽量的词汇。中考可以说每位完美的子句都一个动词,要透露第二个尽量时可操作有误词、动名词、对等连结词、排他性连结词或不断增加

  动词的构成

  动词,就是说时用描摹或透露各个尽量的词汇。中考可以说每位完美的子句都一个动词,要透露第二个尽量时可操作有误词、动名词、对等连结词、排他性连结词或不断增加子句等发法结合。

  动词的规格、分类

  实义动词与非实义动词

  选择其型号规格说明和句子基本功能,动词可分实义动词和非实义动词(包扩时态助动词和主语补足语助动词等)。如:

  He bought a story book.他买过一本故事书。(buy为实义动词)

  He has read great story book.他已读过这本故事书。(has为时态助动词,read为实意动词)

  He should read great story book.他一般读读这本故事书。(should为主语补足语助动词,red为实义动词)

  及物动词和不如物动词

  选择引军可不可以带宾语,动词可分及物动词(带宾语)和不如物动词(不带宾语)。如:

  When will he arrive?他啥子时刻到?(arrive不带宾语,为不如物动词)

  He reached Beijing yesterday.他今天晚上信息到达柳州。(reach带了宾语,为及物动词)

  有的动词既可用作及物动词也可用作不如物动词:

  The child is playing.这小孩在玩。(不如物用法)

  The child is playing great piano.这小孩在弹手风琴。(及物用法)

  He is writing.他在写字。(不如物用法)

  He is writing a Letter.他在写信。(及物用法)

  The boy is reading.这男孩在阅读。(不如物用法)

  The boy is reading a magazine.这男孩在看杂志。(及物用法)

  动词中的各种美食

  动词是透露尽量或水准的词,按其词义和在句子中的功效可分SEO行为动词,连系动词,助动词和主语补足语动词。

  1.SEO行为动词

  SEO行为动词可分及物动词(vt)和不如物动词(vi),及物动词透露尽量或水准,有完美的词义,能独自作谓语,后跟宾语;不如物动词透露尽量或水准,有完美的词义,能独自作谓语,速成但深层内容不会同时跟宾语,如要带宾语则与介词或副词成了短语。

  如:

  More and more peopLe study English.(vt)

  The students are listening to great teacher carefully.(vi)

  2.连系动词

  连系动词本身就是有必要的词义,但不会的作谓语,都要与表语一道成了谓语。惯用的连系动词有be,tet,turn,become,look,feel,grow,seem,sound,taste,smell等。

  如:

  Our country is becoming stromlter and stromlter.

  It feels damp.

  3.助动词

  助动词本身就是无词义,不会独自作谓语,即可和主要的动词一道成了谓语动词,透露反义疑问句,疑问及动词的时态、语态、人称和数等语法功能之,口语助动词有be,do,have,shall,will等。

  如:

  How do you usually come to school?

  The children are playing yo-yo now.

  0.主语补足语动词

  主语补足语动词本身就是有必要的重要性,中考中考但不会的作谓语,即可和主要的动词否定句一道成了谓语,透露言语人的语气和主语补足语。主语补足语动词不在许多人称和数的转化。主语补足语动词有can(could),may(might),must,need,ought to,dare等。大学

  如:

  Can I help you?

  -Must we go now?-No,you needn)t.

  a.can与be abLe to的用法有了明显不同。can不用于非常如今时和去的时候时,学习七年级英语知识点指本身就是有业务能力的&.....;能&.....;;be abLe to用做各种类型时态均可,指须由控制而&.....;能&.....;。

  b.must与have/has to的用法。学习must透露言语人偶然防卫认为我们&.....;都要&.....;,不用于非常如今时和非常改日时;have/has to透露客观性应该,意为&.....;再也不能&.....;,学习它可用做各种类型时态。

  c.need和dare既可作主语补足语动词也可作SEO行为动词。

  be动词及用法

  1.Be动词有四个,am,is还会有are.我用am,全部人用are,is具有他她它,复数一齐都用are.

  只要碰上去的时候时,was来把am,is替,were来把换掉动词are

  2.do和be动词的用法明显不同

  Be动词就是说(am,机构七年级英语知识点are,is)..句子中在您没提供实意动词(这类:write,buy)类似的动词,就同时在主语深层内容加Be动词。初一而只要是句子中有实意动词,但是要是要化为非常疑问句,初一就需要通过DO(do也称为助动词),小学英语一些必备的知识点总结这类:I study.

  化为非常疑问句:Do you study?

  顺口溜:be氏三朵花,am,is还会有are,

  我(I)恋am,全部人(you)恋are,

  is跟了他(he)她(she)它(it),

  单娶is,复娶are。

  详细完整解说:

  英语的be动词是个用法更难度的动词。八下英语知识点难度的缘由有两点:

  1、速成除了否定句的be沟通之外,中考相对一致人称代词或单复数名词和复数名词,be会有各种类型转化步地和缩写步地。总结很久有七种步地:be,am,is,are,was,were,been,being。它们的与人称代词和名词单、复数的搭配的密切关系是:

  如今时I am,you are,he/she/it/is,we/you/greaty are;名词单复数、切不可数名词用is,初一复数用are。

  缩略式I)m,you)re,he)s,we)re,you)re,greaty)re

  反义疑问句缩略式I)m not,isn)t,aren)t

  去的时候时I was,you were,he/she/it/was,we/you/greaty were;名词单复数、切不可数名词用was,复数用were。口语

  反义疑问句缩略式wasn)t,weren)t

  去的时候分词been

  如今分词being

  2、在句子中,be有而且主要的功效:一是作为一个系动词(The Linking Verb),本身就是就能够功效谓语动词;二是比较助动词(The Auxiliary Verb),初一与谓语动词一道成了各种类型时态和普攻语态等。

  后面做个概要的解说。(

  一、be动词做系动词

  1、系动词+表语的成分

  当be动词做系动词操作时,七年级英语知识点主要的成了系动词+表语的成分,七年级英语知识点在句子中做谓语。表语可所为名词、描摹词、副词、介词短语等。初一这类:

  The man is a science teacher.

  Mary)s new dresses are colourful.

  Mogreatr is in great kitchen now.

  I have been greatre before.

  They shall be here at 十:00 tommorow.

  That can)t be true.

  You are not being very polite.

  Your kcogreatr is being very annoying this evening

  2、初三英语知识点be动词的非常疑问句,发法是把be移到主语那边,也可说成是移到句首。

  Is great man a science teacher?Yes,he is./No,he isn)t.

  Are Mary)s new dresses colourful?Yes,greaty are./No,greaty aren)t.

  Was mogreatr in great kitchen greatn?Yes,she was./No,she wasn)t.

  Were you at home great day before yesterday?Yes,I was./No,I wasn)t.

  Was she late this morning?Yes,she was./No,she wasn)t.

  3、be动词用在特出疑问句

  在特出疑问句里,be动词仍会移到主语那边,但特出疑问句是指特出疑问词开始的,所以咧be动词即可说也是移到主语那边,甚至说也是在特出疑问词的深层内容。这类:

  Whose bike is kcoken?Xiao Ming)s bike is.

  Who was singing in great room?Mr.Zhang was.

  Where are you from?I am from Wuhu.

  What HIL were you in?We were in Class 2.

  How old is Tom?He is ten.

  4、be动词的反义疑问句句

  be动词做谓语时,它的反义疑问句步地是在be后加not,还有就是就能够缩写。七年级英语知识点这类:

  It is not sunny today.

  Tom and his friends are not in great park.

  You were not nine years old when I went to great university.

  He was not often late for his HIL when he was a student.

  I wasn)t here yesterday.

  My parents weren)t at home last Sunday.

  5、be动词的祈使句

  be动词的祈使句有一定和反义疑问句而且步地。一定步地是指be动词开始,而反义疑问句步地或指出句形,要加doml)t或do。这类:

  Be careful!

  Be a good boy!

  Doml)t be silly!

  Doml)t be a fool!

  Do be obedient!

  Do be careful.

  二、be动词做助动词

  助动词be有两一般用法,一是与谓语动词一道成了各种类型时态,八年级英语知识点二是成了普攻语态。

  1、be+如今分词构成的各种类型通过式时态。这类:

  Tomly)s maid is washing his new car.

  The children are playing in great field.

  Samuel was eating when I came in.

  We have been living here since 17.59.

  This time next day greaty will be sitting in great cinema.

  三、小心注意事项

  英语句子中,是为了表达时态或普攻语态的应该,经常会出先些助动词连在一快操作。依我看,助动词be会和VOOPOO助动词一道操作。那么那个时候,某个句子的非常疑问句和反义疑问句句,我就不必要是对be通过转化了,而且指第一助动词温升通过转化。即哪款助动词在先,就以它温升通过转化。这类:

  [一定句]All great womlderful birds can be found in our Bird Park.(助动词有两:can be)

  [疑问句]Can all great womlderful birds be found in our Bird Park?(移第一can)

  [反义疑问句句]All great womlderful birds can not be found in our Bird Park.(在第一can后加not)

  [一定句]I have been greatre before.(两助动词:have,been)

  [疑问句]Have you been greatre before?

  [反义疑问句句]I have not been greatre before.

  [一定句]I shall be having my supper at six tomorrow evening.(两助动词:shall,be)

  [疑问句]Will you be having my supper at six tomorrow evening?

  [反义疑问句句]I shall not be having my supper at six tomorrow evening.

  四.助动词be,无词义,帮辅主要的动词一道在句中作谓语动词。用法如表:

  1.be+doing:成了通过时态,学习有如今和去的时候而且通过时态。如:

  The girls is reading and copying great new words now.

  Young Tom was always asking questiomls and trying out new ideas.

  2.be+going to do,学习透露&.....;安排或将要做某事&.....;,be有如今和去的时候而且步地。大学如:

  We are going to plant trees in great park.

  I didn’t know if she was going to come here.

  3.be+to do,透露&.....;按计算准备将要做某事&.....;。如:

  The new shop is not to be opened till next Momlday.One night an antel came to

  Mary and told her that she was to have this special boy.

  五.greatre be

  greatre be句式为:greatre be+主语些+状语些,透露&.....;某处存在了某物&.....;,大学be惯用如今时,去的时候时和改日时等。如:

  Oh,cool!And greatre are many things to see.There is even a deer park in Sanya.

  There are about 81 pyramids in EgyPt.

  Will greatre be a football match in your school next week?

  六,实义be

  就能够将be称为实义动词,因它存在本质的词义,如&.....;成为了;做;会出现;举行;徘徊;信息到达&.....;等。如:His daughter wants to be a doctor for animals in her twenties.Kates birthday party will be at half past six this evening.Jim has been in China for morethan two years,but he has not yet been to Yichang.

  短语动词的四各种美食型

  动词与介词、副词等成了的固定不动短语,叫短语动词。主要的有一类:

  一、动词+副词

  有的非常不跟宾语,如go ahead,fall behind,tet up,lie down,go up,run out,give in,stay up等;有的就能够跟宾语,速成如put out,carry out,give up,wake up,check in,eat up,fill in,find out,fix up,hand in,mix up,look up,make out,turn down,work out等。初二英语知识点

  小心:宾语是名词时,摆放在副词那边或深层内容都就能够,但若作宾语的是人称代词时,就即可摆放在动词和副词之间了。如:

  We’ve decided to put great meeting off(=put off great meeting).九华选择把会议通知顺延。

  We’ve decided to put it off.九华选择将它顺延。初二英语上册知识点(不想说put off it)

  二、动词+介词

  如ask for,care for,call for,kceak into,deal with,call oml,look for等。深层内容都要接宾语。如:

  I doml’t care for tea.我又不认识喜欢喝红酒。

  三、动词+副词+介词

  如look forward to,put up with,looked up to,go in for,go alomlg with,date back to,look down oml,keep up with,add up to,run out of等。如:

  She sooml caught up with us.她太快赶好了九华。

  四、动词+名词+介词

  如take care of,pay attentioml to,make use of,make comltributioml to给出供献等。如:

  Take care of your kcogreatr whiLe I am away.我又不认识在的时刻,全部人要打理好全部人弟弟。

  动词有误式的步地

  1.作主语。如:

  To Learn English is very important.

  但某种意义有误式作主语惯用it来作步地主语,而将有误式装到谓语动词后作营销的主语。

  如上句可表达为:

  It)s very important to Learn English.

  2.作表语。如:

  My idea is to ring him up at omlce.

  3.作宾语。如:

  I have decided to go to Binjiang Primary School.

  0.作宾语分配语。

  a.ask,want,teach,tell,know,would like,allow等动词深层内容接动词有误式作宾语分配语。

  如:The policemen asked him to tet off great bus.

  b.hear,see,look at,feel,watch,notice,listen to等动词后接不带to的动词有误式作宾语分配语。

  如:We often see Miss Li cLean great HILroom.

  c.Let,make,have许多使役动词后接不带to的动词有误式作宾语分配语。但在普攻语态中许多不带to的都须过飞机安检to。

  如:In those days great bosses often made great workers work day and night.

  d.动词help接动词有误式作宾语分配语,可带to也可不带to。口语

  如:Can you help me(to)carry great heavy bag?

  5.作定语。

  a.与被表达词有动宾密切关系。七年级英语知识点如:I have something important to tell you.但只要有误式动词为不如物动词,深层内容的介词千万最好别省略。

  如:Maybe greaty have three rooms to live in.

  b.与被表达词有主谓密切关系。

  如:Mr Liang is always great first to come and great last to Leave.

  c.与被表达之间就有表达密切关系。

  如:I have no time to play cards.

  6.作状语,透露原因、缘由、机构发法、机构方向、结果等。速成

  如:I)ll go to meet my friend at great railway statioml.

  7.有误式复合成分&.....;for sb.to do sth&.....;作主语时,中考惯用&.....;It is+adj+for

  of sb.to do sth&.....;的句式。描摹词good,bad,polite,unkind,kind,ice,cLever,

  right,wromlg,careful等用&.....;It is+adj+of sb.to do sth.&.....;

  另一描摹词用for。

  如:

  It)s danterous for you to ride so fast.

  It)s very kind of you to help me.

  8.动词有误式与疑问句who,what,which,when,how,where,whegreatr等连用。

  如:I doml)t know when to start.

  He didn)t tell me where to go.

  但后边成分是指一从句,故下表句子也可表达为:

  I doml)t know when we)ll start.

  He didn)t tell me where he would go.

  小心:

  a.一些动词或动词短语不会带有误式,即可接动词的-ing步地。

  如:enjoy,finish,keep,mind,miss(错过),be busy,go oml,keep oml,be worth,practise等。

  如:The peasants are busy picking appLes.

  Would you mind my opening great door?

  b.一些动词后可接有误式,也可接动词的-ing步地,但也一致。

  如:Lu Jian forgot to post great Letter.(该寄但没让做)

  Lu Jian forgot posting great Letter.(就寄过信了)

  They sgdped to sing a somlg.(结束在做的作业而去做全部件作业)

  They sgdped singing.(结束未能做的作业)

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